Purpose Of Money In Economic

Purpose Of Money

Money

Money is something that people use every day. We earn it and spend it but don’t often think much about it.

Economists define money as any good that is widely accepted as final payment for goods and services.

Money is any item or verifiable record that is generally accepted as payment for goods and services and repayment of debts, such as taxes, in a particular country or socio-economic context.

The main functions of money are distinguished as: a medium of exchange, a unit of account, a store of value and sometimes, a standard of deferred payment.

Any item or verifiable record that fulfils these functions can be considered as money.

Money is historically an emergent market phenomenon establishing a commodity money, but nearly all contemporary money systems are based on fiat money.

Fiat money, like any check or note of debt, is without use value as a physical commodity.

[citation needed] It derives its value by being declared by a government to be legal tender; that is, it must be accepted as a form of payment within the boundaries of the country, for “all debts, public and private”.

[better source needed] Counterfeit money can cause good money to lose its value.

The money supply of a country consists of currency (banknotes and coins) and, depending on the particular definition used, one or more types of bank money (the balances held in checking accounts, savings accounts, and other types of bank accounts).

Bank money, which consists only of records (mostly computerized in modern banking), forms by far the largest part of broad money in developed countries.